Area: 1, 47,181 square kilometers

Geography: China is in the north and in other three directions is India. Nepal is divided into three main geographical regions: Himalaya Region, the altitude of 4,877 meters to 8,848 meters is included in Himalayan region. Mountain Region, the altitude down from 4,877 meters to lower Churia range is included in mountain region. Tarai Region, the low land of Nepal is called Terai region

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 27.80 million

Official Language: Nepali

Currency: Nepali Rupee

Political system: Federal Democratic Republic, Multi Party System 

Religion: Nepal is a secular country. Majority of Nepali are Hindu but other religions, including Buddhist, Muslim and Christian, also equally exist in Nepal

History: Before 1768 AD, there were more than 200 small kingdoms in Nepal. The Kathmandu valley was ruled by Malla dynasty. In 1768 AD, there was a campaign of national integration lunched by King Prithivi Narayan Shah who unified and made modern Nepal. The monarchy exists no longer in Nepal.

Entry and exit points in Nepal

  • International airport, Kathmandu
  • Kakarbhitta, eastern Nepal jointed with India
  • Birgunj, central part of Nepal Jointed with India
  • Kodari, central part jointed with Tibet China
  • Belhia, western part close to Lumbini and jointed with India
  • Jamunaha, mid-western part, jointed with India (on the way to Bardiya National Park)
  • Mohana, far-western part, jointed with India (on the way to Bardiya National Park)
  • Gadda Chauki, far-western  part, jonted with India (on the way to Bardiya National Park)

Some  Do’s & Don’ts in Nepal

  • ‘Namaste’ is the form of gretting in Nepal. Namaste is performed by joining two palms together. The first word our guests would hear in Nepal is ‘Namaste’.
  • We take off the shoes before entering the Nepalese homes, temples and monastries.
  • Touched food/drinks is considered as impure in Nepal. Do not use the same spoon,fork and hands  in Nepali people’s  food or plate which is already used by you. Do not eat from their plate and drink from their bottle or glass.
  • In village area, please avoid skimpy outfits.
  • Get a permission before entering the Hindu temples  as westerners  are not allowed to enter and take photographs in some Hindu temples.

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